How Green is Your Neighborhood?
Question:

The world’s largest recruiter to environmental movement “Earth Day” has declared 2016 as the planting trees year, in order to mitigate the Global Warming.

Goals set by Earth Day organizers included massive tree planting with a target of 7.8 billion new trees planted worldwide during 2016.

Excess carbon dioxide (CO2) is building up in our atmosphere and contributing to climate change. Trees absorb CO2, removing and storing  the carbon while releasing the oxygen back into the air.  In this limited research, we will use your inputs to map the "greenery level" at few selected locations in Israel.

Here is your mission:

a.   Your Location - Please add your location to the map below.

Please attach a picture of trees and greenery nearby your location to your point on the map.

b. Trees and Greenery (The dependent variable examined)

Choose one of the following options:

1 - There are less than 10 trees near my house.

2 - I can count around 10 - 50 trees near my house.

3 - I can count more than 100 trees near my house.

4 - My neighborhood is located nearby a Municipal Park.

5 - My neighborhood is located nearby a Forest or a National Park.

The following video, created by a member of our group (Niki Bassat), demonstrates a few examples to illustrate the above-mentioned options. If you find more than one relevant option, please choose the highest one:  



From the above-mentioned options, which is the one that defines the "trees and greenery" level of your neighborhood?
Provide an answer by clicking on "Map" and then on "Add an Answer".



Results, Analysis and Discussion

Urban forests help to improve the air quality. Our colleague’s task was to define their neighborhood’s greenery level by photo capturing and quantified estimation. The following color-coded map illustrates the results:


Due to the limited amount of responders, the map coverage is minimal, yet additional information is available in the “Keren Kayemet LeIsrael - Jewish National Fund” website by using the following link: KKL (JNF) Web site - Plant the Planet (Planting for the Environment).

Global warming threatens the existence of humankind, Planting trees is the only active way to stop the greenhouse effect causing the global warming.

Each tree absorbs an average of 0.7 tons of carbon dioxide in the course of its lifetime. A person has to plant an average of 200 trees in order to deduct the waste he produces in his lifetime. Every year, the forests deduct half a million tons of greenhouse gases. This amount is equivalent to the annual carbon emission of 75,000 cars driving 20,000 km a year. They also serve as noise and pollution barriers in industrial areas.

Future Plans
KKL (JNF) is committed to the “billion trees “(Plant the Planet) initiated by the United Nations (UNEP) to plant 6 million trees over the next 10 years.

Israel’s National Outline Plan for Forests (Tama 22) includes 1.6 million dunams of forests, woodlands and areas intended for afforestation.


The obvious conclusion of this limited research is that all of us (citizens and authorities) should struggle for establishing greener neighborhoods. The goal should be color grade of above (3) throughout the entire country.

On top of removing (sequestering) the carbon dioxide (CO2) from the atmosphere during photosynthesis, trees also remove other gaseous pollutants through the stomata in the leaf surface. Some of the other major air pollutants are : Sulfur Dioxide (SO2), Ozone (O3), Nitrogen Oxides (NOx), and small particles emitted in smoke from burning fuel.

We recommend continuing the research by monitoring and investigating the correlation between “pollutants levels” and “greenery level” at selected locations. Publishing this information will contribute to the awareness of citizens to their health and quality of life. It will also enforce planning and actions by the authorities.






Comments:
1.  shachaf ifaat (28.05.2018 pm 06.26.17)
Trees benefit and impact

Dear Ronit,

Very interesting and enlightening subject. The trees benefits and impact is an important and interesting issue, that affects our lives. The inquiring question is written very professionally, teaching the importance of the trees and giving the reader a challenge to investigate his home surrounding.

In addition, adding the nearby statistics about the trees and coloring the Israel map gave me possibility to be part of the project of building the "Israel green map". I think it is very important that awareness to the trees values will be known for the community. I support developing the concept of community forests to involve people with caring for forests near their home. I would suggest to add the link for planting a tree in a nearby Israeli forest: http://kkl-jnf4u.kkl.org.il/haklek_veta/e_yaar.aspx?lang=en. In this way every Israeli reader can contribute to the environment by planting a tree.

I like your approach in formulating the question. I suggest adding more data on trees benefit to the environment and how it influenced the planet. Trees are vital. As the biggest plants on the planet, they give us oxygen, store carbon, stabilize the soil and give life to the world’s wildlife. They also provide us with the materials for tools and shelter. Trees benefit health, Trees benefit the environment and boost wildlife.

By 2050, the vast majority of humanity will live in cities, towns, and other urban areas. Growth of city trees can cut air pollution. Nature is cost effective solution, research also shows that urban street tree planting and canopy enhancement can be a cost-effective way to make the air healthier.  Street trees can be a part of a cost-effective portfolio of interventions aimed at controlling particulate matter pollution and mitigating high temperatures in cities. Trees can be used to help clean and cool the air. Moreover, trees provide a multitude of other benefits beyond healthier air. In the right spot, trees can both help make our air healthier and our cities more verdant and livable.  More about it can be found in the article "planning healthy air" (Macdonald et. al, 2016):

https://thought-leadership-production.s3.amazonaws.com/2016/10/28/17/17/50/0615788b-8eaf-4b4f-a02a-8819c68278ef/20160825_PHA_Report_FINAL.pdf

Few important links that give additional information about trees benefits are:

https://www.treepeople.org/tree-benefits

http://www.davey.com/about/davey-in-your-community/benefits-of-trees/

https://www.royalparks.org.uk/parks/the-regents-park/things-to-see-and-do/gardens-and-landscapes/tree-map/why-trees-are-important

https://sapgroup.com/nursery/why-trees-are-important/

Also, in YouTube, the importance of trees as part of a sustainability plan:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?reload=9&v=DTfUiqKk8bY

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fL9VDRMRp1s

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2-OoHjjh5fM

Thanks a lot for a very enriching inquiring question!

best regards,

      Ifaat Shachaf

 

2.  Carniel Chen (31.05.2018 pm 05.56.50)
General overview and specific guidelines

Hello Ronit,
The general idea is good and relevant on my opinion (Positive Reinforcement). 
Encouraging citizens to participate in such activity can definitely increase the overall awareness to the environment we live at (Valid Verification).
Improving the map is recommended – it would be much more informative if the number of "responders per region" was mentioned (Technical Statement).
It is also highly recommended to base the new results upon similar data that is already know such as this map from “Keren Kayemet LeIsrael” website:
http://kkl-jnf4u.kkl.org.il/design/New/gfx/israelMap.jpg (Informative Elaboration).

Thank you
Chen Carniel
 

3.  Gadban Amal (04.06.2018 pm 01.55.05)
הערכת עמיתים

הי,

אני חושבת שישנה שאלת חקר שמנוסחת ברמה גבוה , השאלה הינה אינטראקטיבית , יש מגוון של משימות שצריך לעשות ( הוספת תמונה , שאלת בחירה (אמריקאית) , ועוד שאלת בחירה עם הצגת תשובות בדרך ויזואלית .

אישית אהבתי את המשימה הראשונה של צילום תמונה , אני חושבת שזה נותן מוטיבציה לעשות את המשימה ולחפש את התמונה המושלמת לסביבה .

אהבתי גם את הרעיון של צילום האפשריות כוידאו , אני חושבת שזה דבר יחודי וחדש .

 

4.  Giat Chanit (04.06.2018 pm 04.09.07)
הערכת עמיתים

רונית שלום!

אהבתי מאוד את השאלה שלך!

מבנה השאלה מצויין. ראשית דואג לחבר את הנושא לתלמיד - לסביבתו הקרובה ולחשיבות הנושא לו ולסביבתו.

על ידי בקשה לצלם ת הסביבה ולהעריך אותה הוא פוקח עיניים להבנת המצב ונדרש לבצע הערכה המחייבת אותו להתבונן בוידאו ולהשליך את המידע הנלמד.

שילוב הידע הנרכש משאר התלמידים ממד אותו על חשיבות שיתוף הפעולה ועל חשיבות עבודה עבודת צוות באיסוף מידע משמעותי.

לסיום, הוספת מידע לגבי תוכניות עתידיות, מעורר אצל התלמיד (בתקווה) רצון לפעול לשינוי המצב הקיים.

שאלה מצויינת :)



History of edits
Edited BY: Ronit Abraham Edit Date: 2016-07-08 19:59:04
Edited BY: Ronit Abraham Edit Date: 2016-06-21 15:34:34
Edited BY: Ronit Abraham Edit Date: 2016-06-21 15:32:20
Edited BY: Niki Bassat Edit Date: 2016-06-20 09:01:52
Edited BY: Niki Bassat Edit Date: 2016-06-20 09:00:33
Edited BY: Niki Bassat Edit Date: 2016-06-20 08:52:33